Click here for material relating to Ocean Fertilization

Recent Publications

Moore, R. M., M. Kienast, M. Fraser, J. J. Cullen, C. Deutsch, S. Dutkiewicz, M. J. Follows, and C. J. Somes. 2014. Extensive hydrogen supersaturations in the western South Atlantic Ocean suggest substantial underestimation of nitrogen fixation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 119: 4340-4350.

Ibarra, D., Fennel, K., Cullen, J.J., 2014. Coupling 3-D Eulerian bio-physics (ROMS) with individual-based shellfish ecophysiology (SHELL-E): A hybrid model for carrying capacity and environmental impacts of bivalve aquaculture. Ecological Modelling, 273 63 – 78.  doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2013.10.024

Cullen, J.J., Davis, R.F., Huot, Y., 2012. Spectral model of depth-integrated water column photosynthesis and its inhibition by ultraviolet radiation. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 26, GB1011. doi: 10.1029/2010gb003914.

Auxiliary material: Two spectral depth-integrated models (DIMs) estimate the effects of variations in solar radiation and its penetration in the water column on depth-integrated photosynthesis. We demonstrate their application in two Excel spreadsheets (Data Set S1 and Data Set S2): one is for the instantaneous rate, and one is for the daily integral. Percent inhibition by ultraviolet radiation (UVR), and excess photosynthetically utilizable radiation (PUR) when applicable, is calculated directly. Detailed instructions on how to use the spreadsheets are included as Text S1.

Craig, S. E., Jones, C. T., Li, W. K. W., Lazin, G., Horne, E., Caverhill, C. & Cullen, J. J. 2012. Deriving optical metrics of coastal phytoplankton biomass from ocean colour. Remote Sensing of Environment 119:72-83.

Guarracino, M., Dowd, M., Sheng, J. & Cullen, J. J. 2011. Calibration of a coupled biological-physical model for prediction in a coastal inlet. Cont. Shelf Res. 31:1713-27.

Brownell, D. K., R. M. Moore, and J. J. Cullen. 2010. Production of methyl halides by Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 24: GB2002.

Cullen, J.J., A. Hay, H. Ritchie, S. Hartwell, S. Kirchhoff, T. Bowen, M. Dowd, B. Greenan, J. Hamilton, C. Hannah, M. Lewis, W. Perrie, J. Sheng, P. Smith, H. Thomas, and A. Vézina. 2009. The Lunenburg Bay Project. CMOS Bulletin SCMO 36 (6): 199-205.

Cullen, J.J. 2009. Interactive comment on “Satellite-detected fluorescence reveals global physiology of ocean phytoplankton” by M. J. Behrenfeld et al. Biogeosciences Discuss., 5, S2646-S2655, 2009

Strong, A.L., J.J. Cullen, and S.W. Chisholm. 2009. Ocean fertilization: Reviewing the science, policy, and commercial activity and charting a new course forward. Oceanography 22(3): 236-261. [pdf 1.0 MB][hi-res pdf 7.6 MB]

Wang, L., R. M. Moore, and J. J. Cullen. 2009. Methyl iodide in the NW Atlantic: Spatial and seasonal variation. J. Geophys. Res., 114, C07007, doi:10.1029/2007JC004626.

Cullen, J.J. – 2008 – Interactive comment on “Seaglider observations of variability in daytime fluorescence quenching of chlorophyll-a in Northeastern Pacific coastal waters” by B. S. Sackmann et al. – Biogeosciences Discuss., 5, S1481–S1491

Cullen, J.J. and P.W. Boyd – 2008 – Predicting and verifying the intended and unintended consequences of large-scale ocean fertilization – Marine Ecology Progress Series, 364: 295-301, doi:10.3354/meps07551

Cullen, J.J. – 2008 – Observation and prediction of harmful algal blooms – p.1-41 in: Babin, M., Roesler, C.S., and Cullen, J.J. (eds), Real-time Coastal Observing Systems for Marine Ecosystem Dynamics and Harmful Algal Blooms: Theory, Instrumentation and Modelling. UNESCO, Paris.

Babin, M., Roesler, C.S., and Cullen, J.J. (eds) – 2008 – Real-time coastal observing systems for marine ecosystem dynamics and harmful algal blooms: Theory, instrumentation and modelling – UNESCO, Paris. 861pp

Schallenberg, C., M. R. Lewis, D. E. Kelley, and J. J. Cullen. – 2008 – Inferred influence of nutrient availability on the relationship between Sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and incident irradiance in the Bering Sea – J. Geophys. Res., 113, C07046, doi:10.1029/2007JC004355

Boyd, P. W., T. Jickells, C. S. Law, S. Blain, E. A. Boyle, K. O. Buesseler, K. H. Coale, J. J. Cullen, H. J. W. de Baar, M. Follows, M. Harvey, C. Lancelot, M. Levasseur, N. P. J. Owens, R. Pollard, R. B. Rivkin, J. Sarmiento, V. Schoemann, V. Smetacek, S. Takeda, A. Tsuda, S. Turner, and A. J. Watson – 2007 – Mesoscale iron enrichment experiments 1993-2005: Synthesis and future directions – Science, 315 (5812), 612-617 Supplementary Materials

Huot, Y., C. Brown, and J. J. Cullen. – 2007 – Retrieval of phytoplankton biomass from simultaneous inversion of reflectance, the diffuse attenuation coefficient, and sun-induced fluorescence in coastal waters – Journal of Geophysical Research, Oceans, 112, doi:10.1029/2006JC003794

Cullen, J.J., W.F. Doolittle, S.A. Levin, W.K.W. Li – 2007 – Patterns and prediction in microbial oceanography – In: “A Sea of Microbes”, L. Proctor and D.M. Karl, eds. Oceanography 20(2):34-46 (invited)

Prasil O., D. J. Suggett, J. J. Cullen, M. Babin and Govindjee – 2007 – Aquaflo 2007: Chlorophyll fluorescence in aquatic sciences, an international conference held in Nove Hrady – Photosynthethis Research, DOI 10.1007/s11120-007-9234-5

A.J. Comeau, M.R. Lewis, J.J. Cullen, R.S. Adams, J. Andrea, S. Feener, S.D. McLean, K.S. Johnson, L.J. Coletti, H.W. Jannasch, S.E. Fitzwater, C. Moore, A.H. Barnard – 2007 – Monitoring the Spring bloom in an ice-covered fjord with the land/ocean biogeochemical observatory (LOBO) – MTS/IEEE Oceans 2007 doi:10.1109/OCEANS.2007.4449185

Rothstein, L.M., Cullen, J.J., Abbott, M., Chassignet, E., Denman, K., Doney, S., Ducklow, H., Fennel, K., Follows, M., Haidvogel, D., Hoffman, E., Karl, D., Kindle, J., Lima, I., Maltrud, M., McClain, C., McGillicuddy, D., Olascoaga, J., Spitz, Y., Wiggert, J., Yoder, J. – 2006 – Modeling Ocean Ecosystems: The PARADIGM Program – Oceanography, 19(1):16-45

Huot, Y., C.A. Brown and J.J. Cullen. – 2005 – New algorithms for MODIS sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and a comparison with present data products – Limnol. Oceanogr.: Methods, 3: 108-130

Babin, M., J.J. Cullen, C.S. Roesler, P.L. Donaghay, G.J. Doucette, M. Kahru, M.R. Lewis, C.A. Scholin, M.E. Sieracki, H.M. Sosik. – 2005 – New approaches and technologies for observing harmful algal blooms – Oceanogr. Mag., 18(2), 210-227

MacIntyre, H.L. and J.J. Cullen. – 2005 – Using cultures to investigate the physiological ecology of microalgae – In: R.A. Anderson, (ed.), Algal Culturing Techniques, Academic Press, pp 287-326

McLean, S. D., J. J. Cullen, R. Davis, C. D. Dempsey, and R. S. Adams – 2005 – The Marine Environmental Protection System (MEPS) – A new generation of moored ocean observing systems – In OCEANS, 2005, Proceedings of MTS/IEEE, Vol. 2, pp. 1016-1022

Brown, C.A., Huot, Y., Purcell, M.J., Cullen, J.J., and M.R. Lewis. – 2004 – Mapping coastal bio-optical properties with an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) and a spectral inversion model. – Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods, 2, 262-281.

Doney, S.C., M.R. Abbott, J.J. Cullen, D.M. Karl, and L. Rothstein. – 2004 – From genes to ecosystems: The ocean’s new frontier – Frontiers Ecology Environ., 2, 457-466

Lehmann, M.K., R.F. Davis, Y. Huot, and J.J. Cullen. – 2004 – Spectrally weighted transparency in models of water-column photosynthesis and its inhibition by ultraviolet radiation – Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 269:101-110

Johannessen, S.C., W.L. Miller and J.J. Cullen. – 2003 – Calculation of UV attenuation and colored dissolved organic matter absorption spectra from measurements of ocean color – J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 108, C9, 3301, doi:10.1029/2000JC00051

Stæhr, P.A. and J.J. Cullen. – 2003 – Detection of Karenia mikimotoi by spectral absorption signatures – J. Plankton Res., 25: 1237-1249

Cullen, J.J. and R.F. Davis. – 2003 – The blank can make a big difference in oceanographic measurements – Limnol. Oceanogr. Bull., 12:29-35

Browman, H.I., R.D. Vetter, C.A. Rodriguez, J.J. Cullen, R.F. Davis, E. Lynn, J.-F. St-Pierre. – 2003 – Ultraviolet (280-400 nm) induced DNA damage in the eggs and larvae of Calanus finmarchicus G. (Copepoda) and Atlantic Cod (Gadus morhua) – Photochem. Photobiol., 77:397-404
Cullen, J.J., Franks, P.J.S., Karl, D.M., and Longhurst, A. – 2002 – Physical influences on marine ecosystem dynamics. - In “The Sea: Biological-Physical Interactions in the Ocean.” A.R. Robinson, J.J. McCarthy, and B.J. Rothschild, eds. John Wiley and Sons. pp. 297-335. (invited).

Richardson, L.L., Bukata, R., Cullen, J.J., Thiemann, S., and Gitelson, A. – 2002 – Sensors and methods for remote sensing of nearshore and inland waters. – Backscatter. Winter 2002, p. 26-31.

Yentsch, C.S., Yentsch, C.M., Cullen, J.J., Lapointe, B., Phinney, D.A., and Yentsch, S.W. – 2002 – Sunlight and water transparency: cornerstones in coral research. – J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 268, 171-183.

Chisholm, S.W., Falkowski, P.G., and Cullen, J.J. – 2002 – Response to Johnson and Karl. – Science, 296, 467-468.

Ciotti, A.M., Cullen, J.J. and Lewis, M.R. – 2002 – Assessment of the relationships between dominant cell size in natural phytoplankton communities and the spectral shape of the absorption coefficient. – Limnology and Oceanography, 47, 404-417.

Huot, Y. and J.J. Cullen – 2002 – MODIS chlorophyll fluorescence efficiency: A bio-optical model comparison – Ocean Optics XVI, Santa Fe, NM. CD-ROM

Schallenberg, C., M.R. Lewis, D.E. Kelley and J.J. Cullen – 2002 – Variability in the quantum yield of sun-induced fluorescence in the Bering Sea: effects of light and nutrients – Ocean Optics XVI, Santa Fe, NM. CD-ROM

Cullen, J.J. – 2001 – Plankton: Primary production methods. – In “Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences.” J.Steele, S. Thorpe, and K. Turekian, eds., Academic Press, pp. 2277-2284. (invited).

Parkhill, J.-P., Maillet, G., and Cullen, J.J. – 2001 – Fluorescence-based maximal quantum yield for photosystem II as a diagnostic of nutrient stress. – J. Phycol., 37, 517-529.

Chisholm, S.W., Falkowski, P.G., and Cullen, J.J. – 2001 – Dis-crediting ocean fertilization. – Science, 294, 309-310.

Bissett, W.P., Schofield, O., Glenn, S., Cullen, J.J., Miller, W.L., Plueddemann, A.J., and Mobley, C.D. – 2001 – Resolving the impacts and feedback of ocean optics on upper ocean ecology. – Oceangr. Mag., 14, 30-53.

Browman, H.I., Rodriguez, C.A., Beland, F., Cullen, J.J., Davis, R.F., Kouwenberg, J.H.M., Kuhn, P.S., McArthur, B., Runge, J.A., St-Pierre, J.-F., and Vetter, R.D. – 2000 – Impact of ultraviolet radiation on marine crustacean zooplankton and ichthyoplankton: a synthesis of results from the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada. – Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 199, 293-311.

Huot, Y., Jeffrey, W.H., Davis, R.F., and Cullen, J.J. – 2000 – Damage to DNA in bacterioplankton: A model of damage by ultraviolet radiation and its repair as influenced by vertical mixing. – Photochem. Photobiol., 72, 62-74.

Kuhn, P.S., Browman, H.I., Davis, R.F., Cullen, J.J., and McArthur, B.L. – 2000 – Modelling the effects of ultraviolet radiation on embryos of Calanus finmarchius and Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) in a mixing environment. – Limnol. Oceanogr., 45, 1797-1806.

Kouwenberg, J.H.M., Browman, H.I., Cullen, J.J., Davis, R.F., St-Pierre, J.-F., and Runge, J.A. – 1999 – Biological weighting of ultraviolet-B induced mortality in marine zooplankton and fish. II. Calanus finmarchius G. (Copepoda) eggs. – Mar. Biol., 134(2): 285-293.

Kouwenberg, J.H.M., Browman, H.I., Cullen, J.J., Davis, R.F., St-Pierre, J.-F., and Runge, J.A. – 1999 – Biological weighting of ultraviolet-B induced mortality in marine zooplankton and fish. I. Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L) eggs. – Mar. Biol., 134(2), 269-284.

Cullen, J.J. – 1999 – Iron, nitrogen and phosphorus in the ocean. – Nature, 402, 372.

Ciotti, A., Cullen, J.J., and Lewis, M.R. – 1999 – A semi-analytical model of the influence of phytoplankton community structure on the relationship between light attenuation and ocean color. – Journal of Geophysical Research, 104, 1559-1578.

Neale, P.J., Cullen, J.J., and Davis, R.F. – 1998 – Inhibition of marine photosynthesis by ultraviolet radiation: Variable sensitivity of phytoplankton in the Weddell-Scotia Sea during austral spring. – Limnol. Oceanogr., 43, 433-448.

Cullen, J.J. and MacIntyre, J.G. – 1998 – Behavior, physiology and the niche of depth-regulation phytoplankton. – In: “Physiological Ecology of Harmful Algal Blooms,” Anderson, D.M., A.D. Cembella, and G.M. Hallegraeff, eds. Springer-Verlag, Heidelburg. pp. 559-580.

Neale, P.J., Davis, R.F., and Cullen, J.J. – 1998 – Interactive effects of ozone depletion and vertical mixing on photosynthesis of Antarctic phytoplankton. – Nature, 392, 585-589.

Bartlett, J.S., Ciotti, A.M., Davis, R.F., and Cullen, J.J. – 1998 – The spectral effects of clouds on solar irradiance. – J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 103(C13) 31,107-31,031.

Sildam, J., Lewis, M.R., and Cullen, J.J. – 1998 – Multiresolution analysis of the diffuse attenuation coefficient with an emphasis on surface and deep layers. – Ocean Optics XIV.

Richardson, T.L., Cullen, J.J., Kelley, D.E., and Lewis, M.R. – 1998 – Potential contributions of vertically-migrating Rhizosolenia to nutrient cycling and new production in the open ocean. – Journal of Plankton Research, 20, 219-241.

Zhang, X., Lewis, M.R., and Johnson, B. – 1998 – The role of bubbles in the scattering of light in the ocean. – Applied Optics, 37, 6525-6536.

Cullen, J.J. and Neale, P.J. – 1997 – Biological weighting functions for describing the effects of ultraviolet radiation on aquatic systems. – “The Effects of Ozone Depletion on Aquatic Ecosystems,” D.-P. Hader, ed. R.G. Landes Company, Austin Texas, p. 97-118.

Cullen, J.J., Ciotti, A.M., Davis, R.F., and Lewis, M.R. – 1997 – Optical detection and assessment of algal blooms. – Limnol. Oceanogr., 42, 1223-1239.

Cullen, J.J. and Neale, P.J. – 1997 – Effect of ultraviolet radiation on short-term photosynthesis of natural phytoplankton. – Photochem. Photobiol., 65, 264-266.

Cullen, J.J. – 1997 – Quantifying the Influence of UV-B on Biological Processes in Natural Waters. – Proceedings of the Ontario Climate Advisory Committee Workshop on Atmospheric Ozone. Downsview, Ontario. p. 166-174.

Cullen, J.J., Ciotti, A.M., Davis, R.F., and Neale, P.J. – 1997 – The relationship between near-surface chlorophyll and solar-stimulated fluorescence: biological effects. – In: Ocean Optics XIII, S.G. Ackleson and R. Frouin, eds. Proc. SPIE 2963: 380-385.

Ciotti, A.M., Cullen, J.J., Roesler, C.S., and Lewis, M.R. – 1997 – The influence on phytoplankton size structure on the spectral attenuation coefficient in the upper ocean. – In: Ocean Optics XIII, S.G. Ackleson and R. Frouin, eds. Proc. SPIE 2963: 380-385.

MacIntyre, J.G., Cullen, J.J., and Cembella, A.D. – 1997 – Vertical migration, nutrition and toxicity in the dinoflagellate, Alexandrium tamarense. – Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 148, 201-216.

Cullen, J.J. – 1997 – Marine Ecosystems. – In: “Ozone Science: A Canadian Perspective on the Changing Ozone Layer.” D.J. Wardle, J.B. Kerr, C.T. McElroy and D.R. Francis, eds. Environment Canada, Ottawa, p. 103-105.

MacIntyre, H.L. and Cullen, J.J. – 1996 – Primary production by suspended and benthic microalgae in a turbid estuary: Time-scales of variablility in San Antonio Bay, Texas. – Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 145, 245-268.

Lesser, M.P., Neale, P.J., and Cullen, J.J. – 1996 – Acclimation of Antarctic phytoplankton to ultraviolet radiation: UV absorbing compounds and carbon fixation. – Mol. Mar. Biol. Biotech., 5, 314-325.

Klemer, A.R., Cullen, J.J., Mageau, M.T., Hanson, K.M., and Sundell, R.A. – 1996 – Cyanobacterial buoyancy regulation: The paradoxical roles of carbon. – J. Phycol., 32, 47-53.

Richardson, T.L., Ciotti, A.M., Cullen, J.J., and Villareal, T.A. – 1996 – Physiological and optical properties of Rhizosolenia formosa (Bacillariophyceae) in the context of open-ocean vertical migration. – J. Phycol., 32, 741-757.

Cullen, J.J. and Lewis, M.R. – 1995 – Biological processes and optical measurements near the sea-surface: some issues relevant to remote sensing. – J. Geophys. Res., 100 (C7), 13,255-13,266.

MacIntyre, H.L. and Cullen, J.J. – 1995 – Fine-scale vertical resolution of photosynthetic parameters in a shallow-water benthos. – Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 122, 227-237.

Smith, R.C. and Cullen, J.J. – 1995 – Effects of UV radiation on phytoplankton. – U.S. National Report to the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics 1991-1994, Rev. Geophys. Suppl., 1211-1223.

Cullen, J.J. – 1995 – Status of the iron hypothesis after the open-ocean enrichment experiment. - Limnol. Oceanogr., 40, 1336-1343.

Richardson, T.L. and Cullen, J.J. – 1995 - Changes in buoyancy and chemical composition during growth of a coastal marine diatom: Ecological and biogeochemical consequences. – Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 128, 77-90.

Neale, P.J., Lesser, M.P., and Cullen, J.J. – 1994 – Effects of ultraviolet radiation on the photosynthesis of phytoplankton in the vicintity of McMurdo Station (78oS). – “Utraviolet Radiation in Antarctica: Measurements and Biological Effects”. C.S. Weiler and P.A. Penhale, eds., Ant. Res. Ser., 62, 125-142.

Lesser, M.P., Cullen, J.J., and Neale, P.J. – 1994 – Carbon uptake in a marine diatom during acute exposure to ultraviolet B radiation: Relative importance of damage and repair. – J. Phycol., 30, 183-192.

Cullen, J.J. and Neale, P.J. – 1994 – Ultraviolet radiation, ozone depletion, and marine photosynthesis. – In “Photosynthesis and Global Changes in the Environment” Photosynthesis Research, 39, 303-320.

Peña, M.A., Lewis, M.R., and Cullen, J.J. – 1994 – New production in the warm pool of the tropical Pacific Ocean. – J. Geophys. Res., 99, 14,255-14,268.

Cullen, J.J., Ciotti, A.M., and Lewis, M.R. – 1994 – Observing biologically induced optical variability in coastal waters. – Proc. SPIE Ocean Optics XII, 2258, 105-115.

Neale, P.J., Lesser, M.P., Cullen, J.J., and Goldstone, J. – 1993 – Detecting UV-induced inhibition of photosynthesis in Antarctic phytoplankton. – Ant. J. U.S., 27, 122-124.

Lohrenz, S.E., Phinney, D.A., Cullen, J.J., Yentsch, C.S., and Olson, D.B. – 1993 – Distributions of pigments and primary production in a Gulf Stream meander. – J. Geophys. Res., 98 (C8), 14,545-14,560. with later released [Correction]

Cullen, J.J., Geider, R.J., Ishizaka, J., Kiefer, D.A., Marra, J., Sakshaug, E., and Raven, J.A. – 1993 – Toward a general description of phytoplankton growth for biogeochemical models. – In G.T. Evans and M.J.R. Fasham (eds.), Towards a Model of Biogeochemical Ocean Processes. Springer. 153-172.

Cullen, J.J. and Neale, P.J. – 1993 – Quantifying the effects of ultraviolet radiation on aquatic photosynthesis. – “Photosynthetic Responses to the Environment.” H.Y. Yamamoto and C.M. Smith (eds.), American Society of Plant Physiologists. pp.45-60.

Neale, P.J., Cullen, J.J., Lesser, M.P., and Melis, A. – 1993 – Physiological bases for detecting and predicting photoinhibition of awuatic photosynthesis by PAR and UV radiation. – “Photosynthetic Responses to the Environment.” H.Y. Yamamoto and C.M. Smith (eds.), American Society of Plant Physiologists. pp. 60-77.

Ackleson, S.G., Cullen, J.J., Brown, J., and Lesser, M.P. – 1993 – Irradiance-induced variability in light scatter from marine phytoplankton in culture. – J. Geophys. Res., 15, 737-759.

Cullen, J.J., Lewis, M.R., Davis, C.O., and Barber, R.T. – 1992 – Photosynthetic characteristics and estimated growth rates indicate grazing is the proximate control of primary production in the equatorial Pacific. – J. Geophys. Res., 97, 639-654.

Stegmann, P.M., Lewis, M.R., Davis, C.O., and Cullen, J.J. – 1992 – Primary production estimates from recordings of solar-stimulated fluorescence in the equatorial Pacific at 150oW. – J. Geophys. Res., 97, 627-638.

Cullen, J.J., Yang, X., and MacIntyre, H.L. – 1992 – Nutrient limitation of marine photosynthesis. – In “Preliminary Productivity and Biogeochemical Cycles in the Sea.” P.G. Falkowski and A. Woodhead (eds.), Plenum, New York 69-88.

Cullen, J.J., Neale, P.J., and Lesser, M.P. – 1992 – Biological weighting function for the inhibition of phytoplankton photosynthesis by ultraviolet radiation. – Science, 258, 646-650.

Cullen, J.J. and Lesser, M.P. – 1991 – Inhibition of photosynthesis by ultraviolet radiation as a function of dose and dosage rate: Results for a marine diatom. – Mar. Biol., 111, 183-190.

Kiefer, D.A. and Cullen, J.J. – 1991 – Phytoplankton growth and light absorption as regulated by light, temperature, and nutrients. – Polar Research, 10, 163-172.

Cullen, J.J. – 1991 – Hypotheses to explain high-nutrient conditions in the open sea. – Limnol. Oceanogr., 36, 1578-1599.

Cullen, J.J. – 1990 – On models of growth and photosynthesis in phytoplankton. – Deep-Sea Res., 37, 667-683.

Cullen, J.J. – 1990 – Biological Oceanography: past, present and future. – Oceanogr. Mag., 350-51.

Ackleson, S.G., Cullen, J.J., Brown, J., and Lesser, M.P. – 1990 – Some changes in the optical properties of marine phytoplankton in response to high light intensity. – Ocean Optics X, SPIE 1302: 238-249.

Weiler, C.S., Balch, W.M., Chisholm, S.W., Cullen, J.J., Harrison, W.G., Matrai, P.A., McCarthy, J.J., Nelson, J.R., Perry, M.J., Redalje, D.G., Sharp, J.H., and Sinclair, M.M. – 1990 – Richard W. Eppley’s contributions to phytoplankton physiology and biological oceanography. – Oceanogr. Mag., 3(2), 42-46.

Cullen, J.J., MacIntyre, H.L., and Carlson, D.J. – 1989 – Distributions and photosynthesis of phototrophs in sea-surface films. – Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 55, 271-278.

Neale, P.J., Cullen, J.J., and Yentsch, C.M. – 1989 – Bio-optical inferences from in vivo fluorescence: What kind of fluorescence is measured in flow cytometry? – Limnol. Oceanogr., 34, 1739-1748.

Carlson, D.J., Cantey, J.L., and Cullen, J.J. – 1988 – Description of and results from a new surface microlayer sampling device. – Deep-Sea Res., 35, 1205-1213.

Cullen, J.J., Yentsch, C.M., Cucci, T.L., and MacIntyre, H.L. – 1988 – Autofluorescence and other optical properties as tools in phytoplankton ecology. – In “Ocean Optics IX.” M.A. Blizard, ed., Proc. SPIE 925: 149-156.

Cullen, J.J. and Lewis, M.R. – 1988 – The kinetics of algal photoadaptation in the context of vertical mixing. – J. Plankton Res. 10, 1039-1063.

Cullen, J.J., Zhu, M., and Pierson, D.C. – 1986 – A technique to assess the harmful effects of sampling and containment for determination of primary production. – Limnol. Oceanogr., 31, 1364-1373.

Cullen, J.J., Mingyuan, Zhu, Davis, R.F., and Pierson, D.C. – 1985 – Vertical migration, carbohydrates synthesis, and nocturnal nitrate uptake during the growth of Heterocapsa niei in a labboratory water column. – p.189-194. In: “Toxic Dinoflagellates.” Proc. 3rd Intl. Conf. on Toxic Dinoflagellates. D.M. Anderson, A.W. White and D.G. Bagden (eds.) Elsevier.

Cullen, J.J. – 1985 – Diel vertical migration by dinoflagellates: roles of carbohydrate metabolism and behavioral flexibility. – In: “Migration: Mechanisms and Adaptive Significance.” M.A. Rankin (ed.) Supplement to Contributions in Marine Science, 27, 135-152.

Lewis, M.R., Cullen, J.J., and Platt, T. – 1984 – Relationships between vertical mixing and photoadaptation of phytoplankton: similarity criteria. – Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 15, 141-149.

Eppley, R.W., Reid, F.M.H., Cullen, J.J., Winant, C.D., and Stewart, E. – 1984 – Subsurface patch of a dinoflagellate (Ceratium tripos) off Southern California: patch length, growth rate, associated vertically migrating species. – Mar. Biol., 80, 207-214.

Lewis, M.R., Horne, E.P.W., Cullen, J.J., Oakey, N.S., and Platt, T. – 1984 – Turbulent motions may control phytoplankton photosynthesis in the upper ocean. – Nature, 311, 49-50.

Li, W., Subba Rao, D.V., Harrison, W.G., Smith, J.C., Cullen, J.J., Irwin, B., and Platt, T. – 1983 – Autotrophic picoplankton in the tropical ocean. – Science, 219, 292-295.

Lewis, M.R., Cullen, J.J., and Platt, T. – 1983 – Phytoplankton and thermal structure in the upper ocean: consequences of non-uniformity in chlorophyll profile. – J. Geophys. Res., 88, 2565-2570.

Cullen, J.J., Stewart, E., Renger, E., Reid, F.M.H., Eppley, R.W., and Winant, C.D. – 1983 – Vertical motion of the thermocline, nitracline and chlorophyll maximum layers in relation to currents on the Southern California Shelf. – J. Mar. Res., 41, 239-262.

Cullen, J.J. – 1982 – The deep chlorophyll maximum: comparing vertical profiles of chlorophyll a. – Can. J. Fish. Aq. Sci., 39, 791-803.

Cullen, J.J., Horrigan, S.G., Huntley, M., and Reid, F.H.M. – 1982 – Yellow water in La Jolla Bay, California, July 1980. I. A bloom of the dinoflagellate, Gymnodium flavum Kofoid and Swezy. – J. Exp. Mar. Biol., 63, 67-80.

Cullen, J.J., Reid, F.M.H., and Stewart, E. – 1982 – Phytoplankton in the surface and chlorophyll maximum off southern California in August, 1978. – J.Plankton Res., 4, 665-694.

Star, J.L. and Cullen, J.J. – 1981 – Spectral analysis: A caveat. – Deep-Sea. Res., 28, 93-97.

Cullen, J.J. and Eppley, R.W – 1981 – Chlorophyll maximum layers of the Southern California Bight and possible mechanisms of their formation and maintenance. – Oceanol. Acta, 4, 23-32.

Cullen, J.J. and Horrigan, S.G. – 1981 – Effects of nitrate on the diurnal vertical migration, carbon to nitrogen ratio, and photosynthetic capacity of the dinoflagellate Gymnodium splendens. – Mar. Biol., 62, 81-89.

Cullen, J.J. – 1980 – Chlorophyll maximum layers of the Southern California Bight and mechanisms of their formation and maintenance. – Dissertation, University of California, San Diego, 138pp.

Cullen, J. J., and E. H. Renger (1979), Continuous measurement of the DCMU-induced fluorescence response of natural phytoplankton populations, Marine Biology, 53, 13-20.